What is protocol?
Protocol is a series of rules used in the transformation of data between electronic devices that can range from computers to cell phones. This determines how the data will be sent and received.
What is an IP?
An IP address is a numerical number assigned to each device that will provide user identity and location.
How is it organized hierarchically?
The routing of the IP is divided between a host and network portion which allows data to be transferred. By adding sub networks one can add additional hierarchy levels.
How many bits are in an IPv4 address?
There are 32 Bits.
How many IPv4 addresses does that mean there are?
There are 4,294,967,296 IPv4 addresses.
What is the difference between IPv6 and IPv4?
The difference is that there are 32 bits in IPv4 versus 128 in IPv6.
Why do we need IPv6?
This is because the IPv4 is running out and with increased demand and there is a need for better security and space which the IPv6 offers with it's 128 bits.
What is an IP packet?
This is a packet that carries data for a network. This includes control information and user data. This is transferred and kept as a record.
What is the difference between an IP address and an IP Packet?
An IP packet consists of 2 home addresses as it is sent between them and it is represented using a letter. As for an IP address this is between the sender and receiver which are represented by four octets normally.
What is the purpose of the Domain Name System (DNS)?
This acts as a converter to change domains which are usually made alphabetically into IP addresses because the internet solely runs on the IP addresses and therefore has to be converted from the domain. This will result in an easier way to locate a website.